1 Christer Bengs Sept 2013 Christer Bengs American University of Beirut Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences Department of Landscape Design and Ecosystem Management P.O. Box Riad El Solh, Beirut Lebanon Tel: Fax: Aalto University School of Engineering Department of Real Estate, Planning and Geoinformatics YTK Land Use Planning and Urban Studies Group P.O.BOX FI AALTO Tel Fax PERSONALIA Name, etc. BENGS, Christer Johannes Nationality: Finnish Married, two adult sons Age Date of birth: Current appointments 2013-: Visiting professor, American University of Beirut, Lebanon Previous appointments : Chief Researcher, Aalto University (part time) : Full professor of landscape architecture (chair: strategic physical planning and sustainable development), Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, retired since Feb : Full professor (chair: architecture), Luleå University of Technology 2005: Guest professor, stadsbyggnad (urban planning and design), Lunds Universitet : Full professor (planning, with emphasis on European planning systems), Helsinki University of Technology, Helsinki, Finland (part time) : Senior research fellow, Nordregio, Stockholm, Sweden (part time) : Associate professor in spatial planning, Nordplan, Stockholm, Sweden : Acting professor (Vertretungs-Professor), Entwerfen und Städtebau II, HAB Weimar Universität, Germany : Senior research scientist, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland : Chief researcher, Tampere University of Technology, Finland : Senior research scientist, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland : Research scientist, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland : Assistant and associate professor, University of Garyounis, Benghazi, Libya : Research scientist, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland : Institution assistant, Nordplan, Stockholm, Sweden
2 : Research scientist, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland 1976: Army service : Research assistant, Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland 1971: Designer, private architect's office in Thika, Kenya : Assistant planner, City Planning Office of Helsinki, Finland : Draftsman & assistant designer, private architects' offices, Helsinki Finland Education and honorary positions Maturity exam, Svenska Normallyceum, Helsinki 1966 (overall credit: laudatur ) Bachelor of Science (Architecture), Helsinki University of Technology 1969 Master of Science (Architecture, diploma), Helsinki University of Technology 1975 Theoretical part of doctoral studies, Nordplan , Stockholm, Sweden Licentiate of Science, University of Technology, Tampere 1989 (with distinction ) Doctor of Science, University of Technology, Tampere, 1993 (with distinction ) Docent (i.e. habilitation in Research on Built Environment ), University of Oulu, 1995 Professor emeritus, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, 2012 Language skills Swedish; mother tongue, maturity exam and doctoral thesis in Swedish, full command confirmed by the grand language test in Swedish ( Stora språkprovet ). Finnish; 8 years in school, undergraduate and graduate studies as well as master and licentiate thesis in Finnish, full command confirmed by the University of Oulu 1995 as requirement for the docent position. English; 7 years in school (maturity exam in English: laudatur ), teaching and lecturing in English , writing mainly in English since 1997, excellent writing and oral skills. German; 3 years in school, personal studies, teaching and lecturing in German , good oral skills and understanding of texts. Norwegian and Danish: fluent understanding of speech and text. Estonian and Italian: personal studies. 2. SOME PARTICULAR ASPECTS OF SCIENTIFIC AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE Practical experience of architectural design and land use planning Between 1967 and 1971, I got experience of architectural design and planning in architects offices (several prizes in competitions), in the City Planning Office of Helsinki, and abroad (Czechoslovakia and Kenya). Research in planning and in urban economics In 1972, I got employed by the State Technical Research Centre (VTT), Laboratory of Building Economics (later Laboratory of Land Use, etc.). At VTT, I made my Master s thesis concerning the Finnish experience of municipal master plans. The thesis also included a review of how this kind of planning was organised in a number of municipalities in Finland. During the latter part of the 70s, I made a series of studies in building and urban economics, which among other things resulted in a booklet of unit costs for calculating urban investment costs. The booklet was distributed by the Finnish association of urban municipalities, and was used across the country. I also made a similar booklet for the use of the City Planning Office of Helsinki. Philosophy of science In fall 1978, I was accepted to a PhD-course for planners at Nordplan, the Nordic institute located in Stockholm. The institute had gained the status of a mini-university (maintained by the governments of the Nordic states) and the training was conducted by Professor Gunnar Olsson, who was a geographer of international reputation and a fascinating teacher. A considerable part of the training ( ) concerned epistemological issues related to philosophy of science and planning. These topics I have returned to continuously since then. In this context, I also wrote an essay on the social control of urban space in a historical perspective. At Aalto University, I have been conducting a series of seminars (the socalled AAA-seminars) where PhD students and researchers present their works by focusing on particular research problems, which I try to unlock by reference to various theoretical and methodological approaches. North Africa and cultural heritage
3 3 In 1981, I went to Libya for three years as part of a bilateral project (the establishing of an urban planning department) between the Helsinki University of Technology (HUT) and the University of Garyounis, Benghazi. Together with the students we made extensive documentations of historical Benghazi and the historical desert town of Augilah, mentioned already by Herodotus in his Histories. I initiated a research project called Old Benghazi that was financed by the University of Garyounis. Part of the research work I carried out in Libya has been published in the World Encyclopaedia of Vernacular Architecture. Since then I have written various articles about these matters and lectured extensively as part of my teaching on urban history. Development strategies of a region After the time in Libya, I returned to VTT in 1984 and was successful in getting funding (Academy of Finland) for an extensive research project dealing with the post-war development of the Helsinki region. The project was part of an international endeavour carried out during the latter part of the 80s. My research team produced altogether some 13 research reports (more than 1000 pages) published by VTT. The Helsinki region was studied in a multitude of ways including land ownership, land prices, the system of land exploitation and development, planning and contract-based (public-private partnership) development, the system for housing provision, concentration in the housing business, Finnish housing policy and state financed housing production, house prices, social segregation in the newly developed areas, functional aspects as well as dweller opinions about the new residential areas. My Licentiate thesis was based on this research programme. The results caught wide attention among the media (TV, radio, press). As a result of the Helsinki studies, I was commissioned by the National Competition Board to analyse restrictions to competition in Finnish housing, with continued wide media attention. Strategic planning and energy In the mid-80s, I was asked by the Finnish Ministry of Environment to contribute to a Nordic project on strategic energy planning, financed by the Nordic Council of Ministers. My study concerning strategic planning and the provision of energy in the Nordic countries formed the basis for an international conference that was held in Helsinki on this topic. In 2008, I have accomplished a report for the Swedish state authority Boverket (The National Board of Housing Building and Planning) concerning matters of energy in the Swedish planning and building codes since 1974 till today. Physical environment in the perspective of history and philosophy In the late 80s, I joined a research project funded by the Academy of Finland. This time I got the chance to get involved into more basic theoretical studies just by my own and eventually I published three reports on place, time and semiotic interpretations of the physical environment. The general idea was to argue in favour of a particular view on history according to which time, instead of place, has come to be the crucial structuring dimension of modern life and environmental conditions. This work came to constitute the theoretical part of my DrSc thesis where the empirical results of the Helsinki study were reflected against theoretical considerations. Research in spatial planning and development In 1997, when taking part in the starting up of Nordregio, I realised the importance of the work carried out across Europe with the aim to elaborate a European spatial development perspective (the eventual ESDP), and I arranged an international conference at Nordregio in December 1997 concerning the ESDP. This generated a series of vibrant activities in the institute, and Nordregio has now come to be considered one of the key institutions in Europe in the field of spatial development research. In 1998, a huge research programme, the Study Programme of Spatial Planning (SPESP), was initiated by the European Commission (EC). The idea was to establish a network between research institutes across EU member states with the aim to pursue spatial development research. All (at that time) 15 member states joined the programme and the co-ordination was issued for tender, which Nordregio eventually won in tough competition. Nordregio was the lead-partner of this group and I shared the responsibility for the co-ordination of the whole programme together with the director of Nordregio (Mr. Hallgeir Aalbu). The programme consisted of a number of cross-national research projects involving more than 200 researchers across Europe. As co-ordinators, we were responsible for the co-ordination of the various subprojects. We arranged a series of conferences in different parts of Europe and finally we drew all threads together in a final report (2000) that included
4 4 a short summary of the findings and a CD-rom with more than 1000 pages of text and hundreds of maps. I have also contributed to a series of reports on European spatial development matters (see list of publications). In 2008, I conducted a pilot study (Helsinki University of Technology) as a preparatory work for a sector-transcending research programme on spatial development. This was made in co-operation with three other Finnish universities. Institutionalised European research co-operation: the ESPON (urban-rural relations, etc) The experiences of the SPESP were utilised by establishing the so-called ESPON-network (European Spatial Planning Observatory Network). The first programme (ESPON 2006) included some 30 research projects and was continued (ESPON2013) with a second phase that is still running. I was able to establish an international team (some 10 partners with the Centre for Urban and Regional Studies CURS as lead-partner) and we successfully won the tender for a project called Urban-Rural Relations in Europe. The final report (Sept 2004) and other results are available on the web (see rural.html In , I was the director of the Finnish team taking part in the ESPON-project 3.3 concerning the spatial implications of the Lisbon strategy (see maticprojects/lisbonstrategy.html ), see also Bengs et al The Short List of Structural Indicators in the Light of European Territorial Cohesion. As part of the ESPON-programme, a network of European Contact Points (ECP) has been established across Europe, that is, one ECP in each member state. These contact points assure the flow of information between the programme and relevant institutions in the country. The Finish ECP-task was subjected to tender, which my group won and since then I have been project director or partner of the Finnish ECP through the Helsinki University of Technology (HUT) together with Professor Heikki Eskelinen.from the University of Jouensuu. I have also edited a book and written some articles to that publication on the issue of Town and Country. Medium-size Nordic towns: development and public space I was lead partner and project director of a fairly huge research project at Nordregio (funded by Formas in Sweden) in co-operation with University of Chalmers, Gothenburg, Sweden. The project concerned public spaces in medium-size Nordic towns. I was personally responsible for two work packages that related to the changes in urban environment, changes in planning systems as well as the development of professional ideologies among architects, planners and antiquarians. I am also dealing with the overall functions of medium-size Nordic urban centres in the context of urban systems, and the factual means that the national planning systems provide as instruments for sustainable development (See Bengs 2010, Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu ruotsalaisittain mielikuvien ihanuus). Urban Policies and Sustainable development Commissioned by Formas, I have also written a short review on Urban Policies and Sustainability in the Nordic Countries. This theme has been central in my teaching at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. Cultural heritage Beside the European projects, I have been involved in a number of studies at Nordregio, including an extensive review of urban research in Sweden, and reviews on planning legislation in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR) countries. In addition, I also organised and conducted a series of training programmes for Nordic and Baltic professionals working with cultural heritage. At Helsinki University of technology, I was the director of a research project called Urban Conservation and City Life, which dealt with the capitals of the Baltic states. I was also a resource person/member of the steering group in a large Interreg. co-operation project concerning sustainable historic towns around the Baltic Sea. In 2011, I have been involved in the European network Economic value of Cultural Heritage and gave a keynote speech at the international seminar of that network in August 2011, Helsinki, with the aim to present a theoretical framework for dealing with these issues. My interest in cultural heritage has been accompanied by extensive teaching in urban
5 5 and planning history as well as research in the topic of values and distribution of values, and extensive lecturing on the issue. Temporary uses of land In , I was project director of the Finnish part of a 5 th framework project (EU) called Urban Catalysts concerning temporary land use in a number of European cities (Helsinki, Vienna, Amsterdam, Berlin, Naples). Environmental statistics In 20005, I conducted as lead partner a project at Helsinki University of Technology concerning data co-operation in cooperation with 8 other universities in Finland. The project was financed by the universities involved as well as by the Academy of Finland. The aim was to collect a pool of basic statistics for environmental research and make this pool available among all the partners. Housing and planning In Europe, housing and planning seem to be strongly interconnected, with housing as the more dominant partner. I got involved in planning and housing research already in the 70s, and continued with that in the 80s and early 90s as part of both academic research and external commissions. I have now turned actively back to academic housing and planning research with the funding of Academy of Finland for a 3 year research project on housing policy in Sweden and its effects on environment. The research setup is multidisciplinary and the aim is to evince the context of national housing and planning policy and its environmental effects. Local economy Commissioned by the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Transport and Communication of Finland, I have conducted a series of studies during the last few years concerning the issue of local economy (one the level of cities and city regions). The topic is important both from the perspective of globalisation and with respect to sustainable local solutions as well as regarding concurrent environmental problems. This is a topic that will grow in importance in the future. Local economy and urban renewal in the USA The CLUDs is an exchange programme of researchers between Europe (Italy, UK, Finland) and the USA. I am in charge of the Finnish part of the programme, which is focused on the possibilities of local economy and urban renewal. I have studied these matters in situ in Boston and in San Diego, see list of publications (forthcoming). Theory and methods in landscape design and planning The integration of natural science and social sciences, as well as the humanities, into the theoretical development of landscape architecture and planning has been weak indeed. All in all, landscape architecture faces much of the same challenges as architecture and urban design do at the moment. There is an urgent need to integrate the natural science-based methods of landscape analyses with those of cultural heritage analyses on a comparative geographical scale. During my time in Uppsala, I realised the need for the pursuit of theoretical and methodological improvement, but at the moment my own considerations are still scattered and they need further processing. The study of slums In cooperation with the University of Lund, Housing Development & Management HDM, I have initiated and conducted research on the development and characteristics of informal development in Ecuador (Guayaquil) and in India (Pune). I have visited both places and cooperate with local professors, and at the moment a researcher of HDM is working on her PhD with regard to this topic. Concluding remarks Looking back at a fairly long professional life, I have got the impression that my research is characterised by a broad range of experience, covering research with regard to various geographical levels, various aspects of the environment (sustainability, social and economic matters, cultural heritage, governance) as well as theoretical considerations (strategies, history of ideas, theories and methods of planning). I have also been working internationally, during recent years being involved in
6 6 Swedish-Indian cooperation, studies about informal housing in South-America and India as well as researchers exchange (7. Framework programme, Marie Curie, CLUD/European-US exchange). 3. LIST OF PUBLICATIONS This list includes publications only since Some of my research before that year is indicated in chapter 7. Forthcoming: Bengs, C. Suppea ja matala globalisaatiokeskustelu. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2013 Bengs, C. Korkean kadonnut kunnia. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2013 Bengs, C. Rakennemuutokset kaupungissa ja kaupassa. Aalto University/YKT 2013 Bengs, C. Urban Change and Local Economy: Urban renewal and retailing in Boston and San Diego. European Journal of Spatial Development Scientific journals Bengs, C. Teoriattomuudesta pragmatismiin. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2012:4, vol 50, pages Bengs, C Teoriaa ja teoriaa. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2012:3, vol 50, pages Bengs, C Totuuden tarinat ja tarina todellisuudesta. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2012:2, vol 50, pages Bengs, C acceptera. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2011:3, vol 49, ISSN: , pages Bengs, C Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu ruotsalaisittain mielikuvien ihanuus. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2010:4, vol 48, ISSN: , pages Bengs, C Kaupunkihistoria opettaa valistummeko? Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2010:1, vol 48, ISSN: , pages Bengs, C Who is the pig now? Article from Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 2007:4, vol 45, ISSN , pages Bengs, C ESPON in context. European Journal of Spatial Development. October Bengs, C The ESPON research programme. Editorial no. 4. European Journal of Spatial Development. Bengs, C., Hanell, T., Ristisuo, H., Wallin, S The Short List of Structural Indicators in the Light of European Territorial Cohesion. Bolletina della Società Geografica Italiana N. 1 Gennaio- Marzo Società Geografica Italiana. Bengs, C Planning Theory for the naïve? EJSD European Journal of Spatial Development. See Bengs, C Time for a Critique of Planning Theory? Editorial no 3, June EJSD European Journal of Spatial Development. See Bengs, C Introduction to a discussion on the third cohesion report: Policy-relevant research and research-relevant policy. EJSD European Journal of Spatial Development. See Bengs, C Is rationality rational? Editorial no 2, January EJSD European Journal of Spatial Development. See Bengs, C Ympäristö arkkitehtivalheen välikappaleena. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu 42, no 3-4, 2004, sivut Bengs, C. & Zonnevelt, W The European discourse on urban-rural relationships: A new policy and research agenda. In Built Environment, Volume 28, nr , pages Bengs, C Let science have relevance! Editorial no 1, January EJSD European Journal of Spatial Development. See Bengs, C From Conservation to Convelopment: Nordic Countries. Article from Built Environment, pp.13-20, Volume 26, Number 1. Bengs, C Ruoholahti ja selitykset. Yhteiskuntasuunnittelu, Vol.33/n:o 2/1995, pp ("Ruoholahti and the explanations")
7 7 Bengs, C. & Rönkä, K Competition restrictions in housing production - A model for analysis. Economic Modelling (2) Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford. (Christer Bengs: has written the article, the co-author was research assistant) Bengs, C Kohti kestävän kehityksen moraalioppia. Alue ja Ympäristö 2/1992, s ("Towards an ethics of sustainable development") Bengs, C Paikasta aikaan - onko päinvastainen mahdollinen? Yhteiskuntasuunnittelu 4/1992, s (From place to time - is the opposite possible?) Bengs, C Två modebegrepp, Yhteiskuntasuunnittelu 1/1991, s Helsinki ("Two fashionable concepts"; An analysis of "flexible planning" and "sustainable development") Bengs, C Ojasta allikkoon - asuntopoliittisen lainsäädännön pitkä linja. Yheiskuntasuunnittelu 3-4/1990. s Helsinki. ("From the ash into the fire - The long term Finnish housing legislation") Bengs, C Cosa Nostra - Meidän Asiamme? Yhteiskuntasuunnittelu 2/1989, s Helsinki. ("Cosa Nostra - Our case?"; An analysis of lobbying in the development of Helsinki region) Bengs, C Maapolitiikka keinotteluna, Yhteiskuntasuunnittelu 4/1989, s Helsinki. ("Land policy as speculation") Bengs, C Långsiktlig energiplanering i Norden, Yhteiskuntasuunnittelu 1/1988, s Helsinki. ("Long term energy planning in the Nordic countries") Bengs, C Finsk stadsbyggnad - en exposé, Yhteiskuntasuunnittelu 4/1988, Helsinki. ("Finnish urbanism - a review") Scientific monographs Bengs, C Several entries on vernacular architecture of Libya, from Paul Oliver (ed.) Encyclopedia of Vernacular Architecture of the World, Cambridge University Press. Research reports in series issued by universities or other institutions Bengs, C. (edit.) Sektoritutkimusohjelma: Alue- ja yhdyskuntarakenne ja infrastruktuurit jaosto Alueet ja verkot suomalaisen kilpailukyvyn perustana. Teema 1: Miten erilaisten alueiden toimivuutta ja kansainvälistä kilpailukykyä voidaan määritellä ja mitata? Power point esitys. YTK- TKK/TEM Bengs, C. (edit.) Esitutkimus: Alueet ja verkot alueiden toimivuus ja kilpailukyky. Teema 1. YTK, TKK. 75 p. Bengs, C Energifrågor i plan- och bygglagstiftning. Boverket. 21 p. Bengs, C., Böhme, K., Husberger, L & Persson, L.O Stad och Land. Boverket, Regeringskansliet/Miljödepartementet, Formas. 48 p. See (Report edited by Christer Bengs: written chapters 1, 2, 3 and 7 as well) Bengs, C. & Ringö, S Kulturmiljö och stadsutveckling en forskningsöversikt. Rapport från Riksantikvarieämbetet 2004:5 (Christer Bengs: planned and directed the project and written chapter Staden i omvandling) Bengs, C. & Schmidt-Thome, K Urban-Rural Relations in Europe. Final report, parts 1, 2, 3, and Map set referring to chapter 3. (Christer Bengs: compiled the report, chapters 2 and 4 originally written by other contributors, the rest originally written by C.B.) UNEP Desk Study on the Environment in the Occupied Territories See Personal report by Bengs, C UNEP Desk Study on the Environment in the Occupied Territories Land-use, 69 p. (not published), one of the expert contributions to the study. Bengs, C. & Schmidt-Thome, K Urban-rural relations in Europe. First, second and third interim reports. See (Christer Bengs: written the text on urban systems in particular, etc) Lehtovuori, P., Hentilä H-L, Bengs, C Tilapäiset käytöt, kaupunkisuunnittelun unohdettu voimavara Temporary Uses, the forgotten resource of urban planning. Publications in the Centre for Urban and Regional Studies C Bengs, C (edit.) Facing ESPON. Nordregio R2002:1
8 8 Bengs, C., Hentilä, H-L. & Nagy, D Urban Catalysts: strategies for temporary uses - potential for development of urban residual areas in European metropolises. Work Package 3 - analysis report. Espoo: Helsinki University of Technology, ISBN p. (PDF) Bengs, C. et al. 2000: Katsaus aluekehitystutkimukseen. Sitran raportteja 3. Helsinki Electronic issue: ( A review of spatial development research ) Tomas Hanell, Christer Bengs. Holmfridur Bjarnadottir, Holger Platz, Klaus Spiekermann The Baltic Sea Region Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Main Spatial Trends. Nordregio WP 2000:10. Bengs, C. (research director and co-editor et al) 2000: Study Programme on European Spatial Planning. (Includes CD-rom of all the material). Nordregio R2000:4 Bengs, C Spatial Planning in Perspective A professional course for experienced Baltic planners Evaluation report and market survey. Nordregio WP1999:6 Böhme, K. & Bengs,C (ed). From Trends to Vision: The European Spatial Development Perspective. Nordregio R1999:4 Schmidt-Thomé, K. & Bengs, C ESDP and Spatial Planning and Development in the Baltic Countries. Nordregio R1999:2 Bengs, C. & Böhme, K. (ed.) The Progress of European Spatial Planning. Nordregio R 1998:1 Bengs, C. (ed) Naturen och Kulturen - värdekategoriernas kamp. Nordiskt Petrarcaseminarium. ("Nature and Culture - the contest of value categories"), 99 s., NORDPLAN, Stockholm. Bengs, C Spekulation, plats, tid samt tolkning. Tampere University of Technology Publications 113, 436 p. DrSc thesis, Tampere ( Speculation, place, time and interpretation, 436 p.; A study concerning the organizing of urban development and its relations to place, time and interpretation in a perspective of cultural history) Bengs, C Platsens harmoni - perifera anmärkningar. NORDPLAN Meddelande 1992:5, 142 p. Stockholm. ("The harmony of place - remote remarks", 142 p.; A study in the cultural history of urban places with reference to the concepts of "genius loci" and "topophilia") Bengs, C Staden och planeringen - analysmodeller för tolkning. NORDPLAN Meddelande 1992:4, 76 s. Stockholm. ("The city and planning - models for analysing interpretation", 76 p.; An study in the semiotics of urban form) Bengs, C Tidens takt och melodi. Diskussion on tidens värde och tidsuppfattningar som underlag för en analys av tidsbegreppet i stadsplaneteoretiska utläggningar. NORDPLAN Meddelande 1991:2, 86 s. Stockholm. ("The pace and melody of time", 86 p.; A study in the cultural history of the concept of time) Bengs, C. & Rönkä, K Kilpailu Asuntotuotannossa. Kilpailuvirasto Selvityksiä 2 B/1990. Espoo. 168 s. + liitt. ("Competition in the housing industry", 168 p.; A study concerning restrictions to competition, commissioned by the Finnish Competition Board) Bengs, C. & Manninen, U Pääkaupunkiseudun rakennuttajat ja rakentajat vuosina VTT Tiedotteita Espoo. 76 s. + liitt. ("The developers and construction firms of the Helsinki region from 1950 to 1985", 76 p.; a study in the organisation of the housing industry) Bengs, C Stadsbygdens utvecklingsdynamik - byggande och bostäder i Helsingfors storstadsregion under efterkrigstiden. Slutrapport till Finlands Akademi. Moniste. 39 s. (Final report for the Academy of Finland concerning the dynamics of regional development, not published) Bengs, C Pääkaupunkiseudun asuntojen hinnat vuosina VTT Tiedotteita 1007, Espoo, 76 s. + liitt. ("Prices of dwellings in Helsinki region ", 76 p.; An analysis of the housing market) Bengs, C., Lehtimäki, V.& Rönkä, K Pääkaupunkiseudun aluerakentamissopimusalueiden maanomistus ja -hinnat vuosina VTT Tiedotteita 1006, Espoo, 67 s. +l iite. ("Land ownership and land prices of development areas in Helsinki region", 67 p.; An analysis of the relations between land ownership development contracts and planning) Bengs, C., Harmaajärvi, I., Lahti, P., Lehtonen, H., Seppälä, M-L. ja Uski, K Korjausrakentamisen tutkimusohjelma , Yhteenvetoraportti 3: Kaupunki ja lähiöt korjauskohteena. VTT Tiedotteita 993, Espoo, 129 s. ("The reconstruction and refurbishment of towns and suburbs", 129 p.) Bengs, C Att kontrollera stadsrummet. NORDPLAN Rapport 1988:1, 78 s. Stockholm. ("The control of urban space", 78 p.; A study in the historical forms of the control of urban space by inhabitants) Bengs, C Suurkaupungit muutoksen kourissa - Helsingin seutu kansainvälisen vertailun valossa. VTT/YRT, 61 s. ("Metropolises in the grip of development - Helsinki region in comparison with the international situation", 61 p.; An international comparison)
9 9 Bengs, C Långsiktlig energiplanering i de nordiska länderna. Nordiska Ministerrådet 60:1987, 92 s. Copenhagen ("Long term energy planning in the Nordic countries", 92 p.; Commissioned by the Nordic Council of Government Ministers) Bengs, C. & Loikkanen H.A The Finnish Housing Market: Structure, Institutions and Policy Issues. VTT/YRT, 91 p. Espoo. Contributions to compiled works Bengs, C., Hirvonen, J. & Karhula, A Paikallistalous kolmessa seutukaupungissa. From Eskelinen, H. (ed.) Seutukaupungit aluerakenteessa ja sektoripolitiikassa, pages ISSN-L: Bengs, C., Eskelinen, H. & Virkkala, S Seutukaupungit Suomessa: yhteenveto ja johtopäätökset. From Eskelinen, H. (ed.) Seutukaupungit aluerakenteessa ja sektoripolitiikassa, pages ISSN-L: Bengs, C Paikallistalous. From: Hirvonen, T &Schmidt-Thomé, K. ESPONin ytimessä ja ympärillä. Aalto-yliopisto, Teknillinen korkeakoulu, Yhdyskuntasuunnittelun tutkimus- ja koulutuskeskuksen julkaisuja B 100, Espoo 2010, ISSN , pages Bengs, C Heritage and its distribution. From Conference Proceedings: Cultural Heritage Contemporary Challenge; The 4 th Baltic Sea Region Cultural Heritage Forum in Riga 9-11 September VKPAI State Inspection for Heritage Protection of Latvia, pages Bengs, C Value of Historic Urban Cores. In Lehtovuori, P. & Schmidt-Thomé, K. Economics and Built Heritage. Seminar proceedings: Built heritage value adding sector. CURS/Helsinki University of Technology and National Board of Antiquities. Pages Bengs, C Facing Post-ESPON. From Eskelinen, H. & Hirvonen, T Positioning Finland in a European Space. Ministry of the Environment, Ministry of the Interior, Helsinki, Finland. pages Bengs, C Tutkimuksen ja politiikan suhde. From Eskelinen, H. & Hirvonen, T (ed.). ESPON etenee. University of Joensuu, Reports of Karelia Institute N:o 5/2005 Bengs, C. & Neubauer, J The Problem of Spatial Differentiation: How to define Urban and Rural in Europe. In Uddevalla Symposium 2004, Research Report 2005:1, pages University of Trollhättan/Uddevalla. Bengs, C Kaupunkien ja maaseudun suhteet Euroopassa. From Eskelinen, H. & Hirvonen, T. (ed.) ESPON Maantieteen Päivillä Joensuussa 2004, pages University of Joensuu, Reports of Karelian Institute N:o 2/2005. ( Urban-rural relations in Europe ) Bengs,C Urban Policies and Sustainability in the Nordic Countries. From Kunskapssammanställning: Långsiktig hållbar utveckling. Formas. Appendix II, pages See 0rapport%201%20sept%20%20UT.pdf Bengs, C., Böhme, K. & Persson, L.O Stad och land Europa och Sverige. From Lindgren, K. (ed) Bygd i förändring: mot en hållbar utveckling? Formas. Pages ( Town and country Europe and Sweden ) Bengs, C Utveckling och professionalism bevarandets predicament. From Plats, drivkraft, samhällsprocess: Vad gör kulturarvet till en resurs för hållbar utveckling? Rapport från Riksantikvarieämbetet 2003:4, p ( Development and professionalism the predicament of conservation ) Bengs, C Introduction - Facing ESPON. In Bengs, C (edit.) Facing ESPON. Nordregio R2002:1, p. 7 24). Bengs, C Cultural Assets in the BSR Conservation in a Development Context. In The BSR yesterday, Today and Tomorrow Main Spatial Trends in the BSR. Nordregio WP 2000:10. Bengs, C Competition and Development in the Role of Planning. Article from Böhme,K., Lange,B. & Hansen,M. Property Development and Land-Use Planning around the Baltic Sea, pp , Nordregio WP 2000:5. Bengs, C How to Build Bridges: ESDP Planning between Politics and Science. Article from Böhme,K. & Bengs,C. From trends to Visions: The European Spatial Development Perspective, pp. 5-12, Nordregio R 1999:4.
10 10 Bengs, C Introduction - Facing ESDP. Article from Bengs, C & Böhme, K. The Progress of European Spatial Planning, pp Nordregio R 1998:1. Bengs, C Urban form and social control: Some milestones. Article from Kalltorp. O. et al (ed.) Cities in transformation - Transformation in Cities, pp Avebury, England. Bengs, C Stads byggnad. Article from Olsson G. (ed.) Poste Restante, pp Nordplan, Stockholm. ("City's construction") Bengs, C Från platsens harmoni till tidens melodi. Article from Algreen-Ussing, G. Bek, L. & Hansen, J.S. Har de en aestetik? - De kulturelle bevaegelsers brug og formning af byens og landskabets rum, pp SBI-Byplanlaegning, Statens byggeforskningsinstitut, H rsholm. ("From the harmony of place to the melody of time") Bengs, C Vetenskapens vakthund. Article from Olsson G. (ed.) Chimärerna, pp , Nordplan, Stockholm. ("The watchdogs of science") Bengs,C Mesto jako soucast kulturniho rozvoje spolecnosti. Article from conference proceedings BRNO - CITY AT THE CENTRE OF EUROPE, p Bengs, C Sustainable development - end or action? 4th International Symposium on Systems Research, Informatics and Cybernetics INTERSYMP '93, DEcon '93 - Symposium Proceedings, pp Bengs, C Real Planning. Article from Haila, A. (ed.) Cities for Tomorrow - Directions of Change, Helsinki University of Technology Centre for Urban and Regional Studies C23/1993, p Bengs, C Helsinki region in perspective. Article from Gordon, D. & Radovic, R. (ed.) Cities of Tomorrow - Directions for change, Congress Report, pp , Helsinki University Printing House. Bengs, C The System of Housing Provision in a New Town Context - The Case of Helsinki Metropolitan Region. Article from Merlin, P. & Sudarskis M. (ed.) New towns in Perspective, INTA Press 1992, pp The Hague. Bengs, C. & Loikkanen H.A The Finnish Housing market: Structure, Institutions and Policy Issues, from the anthology Hårsman & Quigley (edit.) Housing Markets and Housing Institutions: A Comparative Analysis, p , Kluwer Academic Publishers. Boston, Dordrech, London. Bengs, C Asuntotuotanto spekulaation kohteena, article from Taivalsaari, E. (toim.) Näennäinen Demokratia, p , Arthouse. Helsinki. ("Housing production as speculation"; an analysis of the organisation of house production and markets) Bengs, C Spekulativt byggande - den finska modellen. Article from Kuoppamäki-Kalkkinen, R. Tiedon huoneita, TKK/A-os. Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu B 62. Otaniemi. s Espoo. ("Speculative housing - the Finnish model") Bengs, C Urban sprawl - the case of Helsinki region. Article from Kuoppamäki-Kalkkinen, R. Rooms of knowledge, TKK/A-os. Urban Design and Planning Publication B 61. s Espoo. Bengs, C Långsiktlig energiplanering i Norden, from Nordiskt seminarium om energiplanering på lång sikt (30-50 år), Nordiska Ministerrådet 1988:39, s Copenhagen. ("Long term energy planning in the Nordic countries") Bengs, C Helsinginseutu kehityksen kourissa. Helsingin tilastokeskus, Neljännesvuosikatsauksia 1987:2. ("Helsinki metropolitan region in the grip of development") Contributions to professional journals Bengs, C Liikumme mutta saavummeko perille?. RY. rakennettu ympäristö 4/2008. Rakennustietolehdet. p Bengs, C PBL omöjliggör stadsplaneringen. Nya lantmätaren 9/2007. Bengs, C Urban-rural relations in Europe. From Journal of Nordregio 1/2005, pages Bengs, C The Construction of Built Heritage. From Journal of Nordregio 4/2004, pages Bengs, C Litteratur: Handelsplats Shopping Stadsliv. Plan 4/2004, pages Bengs, C Tapiola skapandet av en finsk-nationell symbol. Plan 1/2004, pages Bengs, C Europe and Sweden The Spatial Development Perspective. Journal of Nordregio 4/2002, pages Bengs, C Recension av Aspen, J. & Pløger, J. (red.): på sporet av byen. Ur Nordisk Arkitekturforskning Nordic Journal of Architectural Research, 1:2001. s Bengs, C Niskalenkki ajasta kiinnostaako? RY Rakennettu Ympäristö 2001, nro 3, s ( The back yoke of time )
11 11 Bengs, C Planning and Conservation - Authentic Ugliness through Progressive Change or Development through Conservation of Beauty? North volume 11, Pages 1 and Bengs, C Näkeekö rakennusvalvonta? Article from Rakennusvalvonta 3/1997, s ("Does the building supervision see?") (awarded as the best article of the year) Bengs, C Architektur: Ideologie oder Wissen? Bogen, Mai 95, HAB Weimar-Universität. ("Architecture: Ideology or Knowledge?") Bengs, C Onko iso pylly luonnolle tarpeeksi? Arkkitehti 7/8 1993, p.86. ("Is the big ass enough for nature?) Bengs, C Lectio paecursoria. Arkkitehti 4-5/1993, pp ("Lectio praecursoria"; The planning of Helsinki in a historical perspective) Bengs, C Kehityksen ongelmallisuus. Arkkitehti 3/93, p. 61 ("The enigmatic character of development") Bengs, C Betoniin valettu valta. Rakennushallitus Takstooli 2/1993, s ("Power moulded in concrete") Bengs, C Omatoimisuuden lama. Rakennustaiteen seura Jäsentiedote 1/1993, s ("Depression of self-realisation") Bengs, C Suomalaisuuden luonto. Artikkeli, Arkkitehtilehti 3/1992, s ("The concept of nature in Finnish culture") Bengs, C Aluerakentaminen - ikuinen laiskanläksy?, Arkkitehti 1/1991, s Helsinki. ("Contract based development - a lesson to learn"; A description and analysis of post-war contract based development in the metropolitan region of Helsinki) Bengs, C Romppaisesta Ramboon - kilpailu asuntotuotannossa. Artikkeli, Arkkitehti 5/1990. s Helsinki. ("From Romppainen to Rambo - competition in house production") Bengs, C Rita hus. Kirja-arvostelu, Arkkitehti 5/1990. s. 73. Helsinki. (Book review) Bengs, C Gryndauksen maailmanennätys, Artikkeli julkaisusta Asuminen ja yhteiskunta,, Asukasliiton aikakausikirja, s Helsinki ("World record in speculative housing promotion") Bengs, C Vad är arkitektur? Mitä on arkkitehtuuri? Artikel ur tidskriften LOKERO 28, maj 1989, s Helsinki. ("What is architecture?") Bengs, C Kohti ei-spekulatiivista rakennuttamista?, Rakennuttaja 2/1989, s Helsinki. ("Towards non-speculative building") Bengs, C Gryndaus ja asuntojen korkea hintataso, from Miten rakennetaan toimiva pääkaupunkiseutu?, s , Uudenmaan ympäristösuojelupiiri r.y. & Helsingin yliopiston ylioppilaskunta Helsinki. ("Development and the high prices of dwellings") Bengs, C Asuntojen hinnanmuodostuksen kokovartalokuva, Kiinteistösanomat 4/1989, s Helsinki. ("An overall picture of house prices") 4. SCIENTIFIC AND PROFESSIONAL ASSIGNMENTS Member of research funding boards and scientific committees Member of the Finnish Committee (Art and Architecture) for classifying international scientific journals. The evaluation process is organised by the Finnish assembly of scientific societies and commissioned by the Ministry of Education and Culture Member of scientific Board. The Nordic Join Committee for Agricultural Research (NJK) Evaluation of research applications, Norway, October Chair of Scientific Board (urban development), FORMAS, Sweden Chair of Scientific Board (urban development), FORMAS, Sweden Expert member of the Board: Centre for Urban and Regional Studies, Helsinki University of Technology Member of Scientific Board (urban development), FORMAS, Sweden Member of Scientific Board, Norges Vetenskapsråd, Norway Member of Scientific Board. National Board of Antiquities (Riksantikvarieämbetet, FoU nämnd), Sweden. Peer reviews A constantly increasing number of peer review commissions, including both scientific and professional journals. Publishers include, among others, Sage and Routledge. Other evaluation or advisory activities
12 Member of the scientific board of the International conference ( ): Managing the Urban Rural Interface, Strategies and Tools for Urban Development and Sustainable Peri-urban Land Use Relationships (PLUREL), Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen Member of Scientific Advisory Group for the whole programme. EU-programme PLUREL Member of reference group. Boverket project Member of Steering Group: Economics and Built Heritage. Nordic research programme in co-operation with the national boards of antiquities Statement concerning Urban Policies and Sustainability in the Nordic Countries. Commissioner: FORMAS/Government of Sweden. See Kunskapssammanställning: Långsiktigt hållbar stadsutveckling. Pages Member of Project Steering Group: Sustainable Historic Towns Urban heritage as an asset of Development project, Baltic Sea Region Interreg III B. - October-December Expert mission for evaluating the environmental conditions (land-use) in the occupied Palestinian territories, commissioned United Nations Environmental Programme, Division of Environmental Policy Implication, Post-Conflict Assessment Unit. Visit to the occupied territories Final report called Desk Study on the Environment in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. UNEP. See Suomen ylioppilaskuntien liiton tutkimuksen "Asumisen utopiat" valvovan toimikunnan jäsen (Member of a directing group for a research-project called "Housing utopias") - Asiantuntijalausunto Eduskunnan II. lakivaliokunnalle ( ) koskien hallituksen esitystä n:o 61 (ns. Hitas-lait) (Statement for the Parliament at a hearing, October 11th 1990, concerning housing legislation) - Asiantuntijalausunto eduskunnan perustuslakivaliokunnalle ( ) koskien ns. maapakettia (HE:t numerot 103, 104, 135 ja 157). (Statement for the Parliament at a hearing, January 11th 1989, concerning land legislation) "Rakennussuojelu ja kestävä kehitys"-tutkimusohjelman ohjausryhmän jäsen (Member of the directing group for a research-programme called "Conservation and sustainable development") Member of academies, etc. - Yhteiskuntasuunnittelun seura (The Finnish Society for Housing and Planning) - Korrespondierendes Mitglied der Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - European Network for Housing Research Journals Honorary Editor. European Journal of Spatial Development, Nordregio, see (scientific journal) Editor-in-chief, European Journal of Spatial Development, Nordregio, see (scientific journal) Member of Board of Editors, Yhdyskuntasuunnittelu (The Finnish Journal of Urban Studies) (scientific journal) Assignments as opponent, member of grades committees, expert advisor - April Pre-reviewer of Licentiate work, Tampere University of Technology, Jaakko Välimaa, Hämeenlinnan vaihtoehtoisia tulevaisuuksia pää laupunkiseudun vaikutuspiirissä. - March Member of Board for the approval of PhD, University of Lund. Pro-poor Planning. De la Espriella, C A Tool for Strategic Territorial Planning and a Conceptual Framework Drawn from Studies in Colombia and Costa Rica - September Pre-reviewer of PhD thesis. Tampere University of Technology. Ylä- Anttila, K Verkosto kaupunkirakenteen analyysin ja suunnittelun välineenä. - March Member of Board for the approval of licentiate work, SLU. Blicharska, M Planning processes for transport and ecological infrastructures in Poland actors attitudes and conflict
13 13 - Nov Peer review concerning appointment of lecturer in planning at KTH/Stockholm Member of Board for the Approval of PhD, University of Lund. Sternudd, C. Bilder av småstaden - om estetisk värdering av en stadstyp; Images of the Small Town - on Aesthetic Evaluation of a Townscape. Institutionen för arkitektur och byggd miljö, LTH, Lunds universitet Opponent at the final PhD seminar, Lund University, Sweden. Johansson, E Urban Design and Outdoor Thermal Comfort in Warm Climates: Studies in Fez and Colombo. Doctoral Thesis, Lund University, Architecture and Built Environment Member of Board for the Approval of PhD, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. Olsson, K Från bevarande till skapande av värde (From conservation to creation of values). KTH Infrastruktur. Doctoral Thesis, Stockholm, Sweden Opponent at dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Science, Helsinki University of Technology, Department of Surveying, Institute of Real estate Studies. Talvitie, J Tieto- ja viestintäteknologiasta uusi näkökulma kaavoitukseen (Information and Communication Technology: A New Aspect in Urban and Regional Planning). Helsinki University of Technology; Kiinteistöopin ja talouden julkaisuja A 28, Espoo Spring Pre-reviewer of DrSc thesis. Univeristy of Oulu, Department of Architecture. Outila, T Paikallisuus ja ekologinen korjausrakentaminen Tapaustutkimuksena pohjoinen lähiö: Rovaniemen Ounasrinne ja Mikkelin Peitsar (Locality and ecological refurbishing: The Northern suburb as cse study). Acta Universitatis Ouluensis Technica C Opponent at dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Science, University of Oulu, school of architecture. Outila, T. (see above) Member of PhD Examination Board, University of Nijmegen, Management Sciences. Böhme.K Nordic Echoes of European Spatial Planning: Discursive Integration in Practice. Nordregio report 2002: Member of Board for the Approval of PhD, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden. Ceccato, D Understanding Urban Patterns: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Royal Institute of Technology, Department of Infrastructure and Planning. Stockholm. - Spring Pre-reviewer of DrSc thesis, University of Oulu, Department of Architecture. Munasinghe, H Urban conservation and city life: Case study of Port City of Galle. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis Technica C Spring Opponent at dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Science, University of Oulu, Department of Architecture. Munasinghe, H Member of PhD examination board. Bech-Danielsen, C.1998.Byøkologi og æstetik - et koblingsunivers mellem sted og rum (Urban ecology and aesthetics connecting place and space). Ph.d.-afhandling, SBI-rapport Kobenhavn, Denmark Member of PhD examination board. Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture, Stockholm. Ubral, Z Västerländsk inverkan på arkitektur och stadsbyggnad i arabländerna. Royal Institute of Technology, School of Architecture. International engagements I have worked professionally in a number of countries (Finland, Sweden, Libya, Germany, Czech Republic, Kenya), and being part of international institutes (Nordplan, Nordregio) my field of action has encompassed all the Nordic and Baltic countries. In addition, I have been involved as lead partner and partner in a number of EU-research programmes and projects with partners across Europe. Commissioned by the Finnish Development Agency (FINNIDA) and the Swedish Development Agency (SIDA), I have worked with countries in South America, Africa and Asia. During the years, I have attended, planned, conducted and chaired as well as monitored a number of international conferences. A number of jury memberships and adviser comissions, and as urban land use specialist for United Nations UNDP.