1 New Fulbright Partner: University of Tampere Finnish and American Fulbright Grantees Työharjoittelussa Fulbright Centerissä: näköalapaikka kulttuurivaihtoon Elämää Atlantin toisella puolella Fulbrighters Visit EU and NATO vol. 23 nro 1 (57) kevät/spring 2013 fulbright center news
2 Team Finland Needs Fulbright Alumni From the Executive Director Why are Finland's schools so successful? This question has prompted countless delegations of education professionals from around the world to visit Finland in recent years in search of the answer. Finland's reputation has spread in tandem with its repeated achievement of top positions in the OECD Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) as well as other international studies. It is not surprising that this past year more delegations of American education experts have also visited the Fulbright Center in Helsinki than ever before. There is a growing interest in developing more cooperation and exchanges between the United States and Finland both in education in general and teacher education in particular. To respond to the demand from both sides of the Atlantic, the Fulbright Center and the U.S. Department of State have decided to strengthen the Distinguished Fulbright Awards in Teaching Program in Finland. This will be done in partnership with the University of Jyväskylä, which is known for its strengths in teacher education and research, a strong emphasis on internationalization, and an excellent relationship with the Fulbright Center. The partnership aims to further develop the content of the program, increase interaction between the U.S. teachers and Finnish education specialists, support the creation of long-term cooperation, and increase outcomes with direct impact at the policy level. The newly enhanced program will be offered already during the next academic year, and we are very excited about the potential of this initiative. We have recently signed our first long-term cooperation agreement with an American university. The new cooperation with Vanderbilt University (p. 18) provides unique opportunities for Finnish undergraduate students to study in the United States at a top-level university. The first fully-funded Finnish grantee has already been selected for the upcoming academic year. The Fulbright Center s partnership agreements have also expanded to include new opportunities for U.S. scholars, as the Center has signed a long-term cooperation agreement with the University of Tampere (p. 4). The new Fulbright-University of Tampere Scholar Award offers research and lecturing opportunities in any discipline represented at the University of Tampere (p. 8-9). Our invited columnist, Ambassador of Finland to the United States, Ritva Koukku-Ronde, emphasizes the importance of alumni (p. 2). Indeed, it is not possible to talk about Fulbright without talking about its alumni. This year the Finnish ASLA- Fulbright Alumni Association celebrates its 60th anniversary (p.20). It is one of the oldest Fulbright alumni associations in the world. However, its focus is firmly on the future, for in addition to its growing membership activities, the association has joined the Fulbright Center to support the development and funding of our exchanges. The alumni, both in Finland and the United States, play an immensely important role throughout all aspects of our Finnish-American Fulbright program. Terhi Mölsä Exchange programs in the fields of science and education offer people the opportunity to experience the culture and society of another country. The Fulbright Center in Finland does unique work in this respect. In addition to its academic merits the Fulbright program helps to create lasting networks and sustained cooperation in these fields. The Fulbright program has been an integral part of the relations between Finland and the United States already over 60 years. The success of the Finnish basic education system in the international PISA tests has created a strong interest in the United States. This interest we also see in the Fulbright Program. American policy makers and experts are now looking closely at this outstanding Finnish expertise area. Teachers and other specialists of education travel regularly from the United States to Finland to find out how our schools function. They visit different schools, talk to officials and sometimes even enjoy a free school meal with the students and teachers. In addition, school groups or groups of teachers, principals and teachers-unions visit the Embassy and Consulate Generals every week to learn what makes Finland so successful when it comes to education. Finnish Lessons: What Can the World Learn from Educational Change in Finland?, a recent book by Dr. Pasi Sahlberg, has been a hit in the United States and we have been handing out thousands of copies of it to share best practices and to start up an inspiring dialogue. The American interest has extended to our universities and higher education as well, and there is plenty of room for further development. Hopefully this interest will turn into an even stronger longterm research cooperation and student exchange programs. Finland is known not only for its world-class education system, but also for its innovation, high technology and cultural achievements. To further promote long-term cooperation between Finland and the United States, we have recently launched the Team Finland USA partnership. The idea of this nationwide network is to promote Finland s external economic relations and country brand, the internationalization of Finnish companies, as well as foreign investment in Finland. The Fulbright alumni in the U.S. are a very valuable group of experts who know Finland well. To enhance the Finnish-American relations it is very important to get the Fulbright alumni involved in the Team Finland activities. I am confident that there is a lot of potential interest and untapped energy when it comes to engaging the alumni in various fields of cooperation. I welcome you to contact the Embassy or the Finnish Consulate Generals in the United States with any ideas to further develop the alumni cooperation. I am confident that our two countries have a lot to learn from each other in the ways we want to enhance and deepen our relations further. Ritva Koukku-Ronde Ambassador of Finland to the United States of America
3 In This Issue 2 Kolumnit 4 New Grant for U.S. Scholars: The Fulbright-University of Tampere Scholar Award 4 Celebrating at the House of the Estates: Finnish Fulbright Center Grantees Fulbright Centerin stipendiohjelmat suomalaisille American Fulbright Grantees to Finland The Lois Roth Endowment Award to Knowles and Whorton 8 University of Tampere - Top Player in Social Sciences in Finland 10 Fulbrighters Visit EU and NATO: A New Kind of Understanding for Transatlantic Relations 11 Fulbrighters Visit EU and NATO: Learning to Teach Both Sides of the Story 11 Fulbrightereiden matkassa 12 Elämää Atlantin toisella puolen ovi loputtomiin mahdollisuuksiin 14 A Champion for Change 16 Harjoittelijana Fulbright Centerissä Näköalapaikka kulttuurivaihtoon 16 Internships at the Fulbright Center Cover: The Fulbright Center and the University of Tampere have founded a new grant program. The Fulbright-University of Tampere Scholar Award offers American scholars the opportunity to conduct research and teach at the University of Tampere for a period of 3-9 months. In the cover, campus view from the University of Tampere. 17 Keskustelua ja käytäntöä TOEFL-työpajassa 17 Kanadassa ennätysmäärä kansainvälisiä opiskelijoita 18 Uusia mahdollisuuksia suomalaisille perustutkinto-opiskelijoille Fulbright Center yhteistyöhön Vanderbilt-yliopiston kanssa 18 Fulbright Experiences Online Professor Katri Sieberg (above) first came to Tampere ten years ago as a Fulbright scholar, and she and her family have settled in the city. In this issue the focus is on the University of Tampere. Read more on pages 4 and Food Bite Center? 19 Ameriikan alligaattori 20 ASLA-Fulbright Alumni Association 60 Years 22 News / Uutisia 23 Fulbright Center 24 Kalenteri / Calendar of Events Lue Fulbright Center News verkossa! /fi/ fulbright-center/ fulbright-centernews Fulbright Center News on Fulbright Centerin asiakaslehti, joka ilmestyy kaksi kertaa vuodessa. Lehdestä julkaistaan myös verkkoversio osoitteessa. Seuraava numero ilmestyy syksyllä Artikkelit ja muu aineisto pyydetään toimittamaan mennessä. Artikkeleissa ilmaistut mielipiteet ovat kirjoittajien omia. The Fulbright Center News is a biannual newsletter published by the Fulbright Center in Finland. The Fulbright Center News is also available online at www. fulbright.fi. The next issue will come out in the Fall of The submission deadline for articles and other materials is 16 September. Opinions expressed by authors are their own and do not necessarily reflect those of the Fulbright Center. While every effort is made to ensure the accuracy of the material in this publication, the Fulbright Center does not accept liability for any errors or omissions. Aineisto vapaasti lainattavissa, lähde mainittava. Reproduction allowed, source must be cited. Päätoimittaja/Editor-in-Chief Terhi Mölsä Executive Director Toimittajat/Editors Johanna Lahti (toimituspäällikkö) Tanja Mitchell Suzanne Louis Toimituksen yhteystiedot/ Contact Information The Fulbright Center Hakaniemenranta 6 FI Helsinki FINLAND Ulkoasu ja taitto/layout Tanja Mitchell/Fulbright Center The Fulbright Center Tel Fax ISSN-L ISSN (Painettu) ISSN (Verkkolehti) Kansipaperi/Cover paper: Maxigloss 200 g/m 2 Paperi/Paper: G-Print 115 g/m 2 Levikki/Circulation: Painopaikka/Printed by Erweko Oy
4 Grant News New Grant for U.S. Scholars: The Fulbright-University of Tampere Scholar Award University of Tampere and the Fulbright Center have signed a collaborative agreement creating the Fulbright-University of Tampere Scholar Award. The University of Tampere has a long history of Fulbright programs. For us they have been the most important avenue when we have built research cooperation in the United States, the world leader in science. Therefore the new Award Program is eagerly anticipated and welcome, says Pertti Haapala, Vice-Rector in charge of research at the University of Tampere. The University of Tampere has hosted altogether 70 American Fulbright grantees since the beginning of the Fulbright program in Finland the new award strengthens the continuing cooperation. The agreement was signed during the America in Living Color seminar, which was organized by the North American Studies Program at the University of Tampere and the Fulbright Center. First application round for the academic year is open until August The award is intended for conducting research and lecturing and is for any field represented at the university. However, preference may be given to scholars researching and lecturing on society and health. Read more about the University of Tampere in the article Top Player in Social Sciences in Finland on pages 8-9. Application information /en/grant-programs Program Coordinator at Fulbright Center Aki Kalliomäki Tel Information on University of Tampere Director of International Affairs Kaisa Kurki Celebrating at the House of the Estates: Finnish Fulbright Center Grantees In May, the Finnish Fulbright Center Grantees gathered for their orientation seminar and award ceremony. The day was filled with informative sessions on issues such as visas, social security and taxes, and the grantees also met with Fulbright Center alumni to discuss their experiences in the United States. The orientation concluded with an award ceremony where the new grantees received their grant certificates, followed by a reception hosted by the Finnish Ministry for Foreign Affairs. Deputy Director General Jari Sinkari from the Department for Communications and Culture at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs delivered remarks on behalf of the Finnish Government, and Chargé d Affaires Danny Hall offered his greetings on behalf of the U.S. Embassy. Many thanks to our grantees, alumni, partners and friends for a wonderful orientation day, and a special thanks to the Ministry for Foreign Affairs for hosting the award ceremony and reception at the House of the Estates! The Finnish Fulbright Center Grantees The grantees are traditionally photographed at the House of the Estates on the same stairs where each new Finnish government is photographed after its formation.
5 Fulbright Centerin stipendiohjelmat suomalaisille Kenelle Stipendiohjelma Stipendikausi Stipendisumma Hakuaika päättyy Opiskelijoille Kandidaattitason opinnot Fulbright Center Undergraduate Grant Lukuvuosi Enintään USD klo Maisteri- ja tohtoritason opinnot tai tutkimus ASLA-Fulbright Graduate Grant Lukuvuosi USD klo Teknologiateollisuuden edustamien toimialojen kehitystä tukevat opinnot ja tutkimus Fulbright-Technology Industries of Finland Grant Lukuvuosi Maisteri- ja tohtoritason opintoihin USD klo Suomen kielen ja kulttuurin opetustehtävät ja omia opintoja täydentävät kurssit ja tutkimus Fulbright Finnish Language and Culture Teaching Assistant Program Lukuvuosi Stipendi kattaa peruselinkustannukset. Stipendisumma määräytyy sijoituspaikan mukaan klo Väitöskirjatutkimus ASLA-Fulbright Pre-Doctoral Research Fellows Program Vähintään 6 kk USD klo Tutkijoille Tutkimustyö Alle neljä vuotta sitten väitelleille ASLA-Fulbright Research Grant for a Junior Scholar 4 kk 12 kk Enintään USD Cost-share 4 12 kk Enintään USD klo Teknologiateollisuuden edustamien toimialojen kehitystä tukeva tutkimus Alle neljä vuotta sitten väitelleille Fulbright-Technology Industries of Finland Grant Lukuvuosi Enintään USD klo Tutkimustyö Yli neljä vuotta sitten väitelleille ASLA-Fulbright Research Grant for a Senior Scholar Vähintään 3 kk Enintään USD klo Tutkijoille, asiantuntijoille, opiskelijoille ja kv-liikkuvuuden kanssa työskenteleville Kaikkien alojen hakijoille Euroopan Unionia tai EU:n ja Yhdysvaltojen suhteita käsittelevät opinnot, tutkimus tai luennointi Fulbright-Schuman Program 3 12 kk Enintään USD Julistetaan hakuun syksyllä 2013 Ensimmäisen ja toisen asteen opettajille, opettajankouluttajille sekä hallinto- ja tukihenkilöstölle Ammattitaidon täydentämiseen ja kehittämiseen tarkoitettu projekti Distinguished Fulbright Awards in Teaching Lukukausi Stipendi kattaa peruselinkustannukset, lukukausimaksut ja matkat Julistetaan hakuun syksyllä 2013 Luennoitsijoille Luennointi. Vastaanottava yliopisto hakee apurahaa. Fulbright Scholar-in-Residence Program 3 9 kk Vähintään USD / kk Työuransa keskivaiheilla oleville ammattilaisille ja asiantuntijoille Ammattitaidon täydentämiseen ja kehittämiseen tarkoitettu projekti Mid-Career Professional Development Grant 3 kk 12 kk Enintään USD klo
6 American Fulbright Grantees to Finland For the academic year , Finland will host well over 30 American Fulbright grantees who will study, teach or conduct research: 25 will arrive for the full year or a semester, the others for shorter periods. This year will see the arrival of the first Fulbright-HAAGA-HELIA Scholar Award grantees. This year's award sponsors include Aalto University, Centre for International Mobility CIMO, HAAGA-HELIA University of Applied Sciences, Nokia Foundation, Tampere University of Technology, University of Helsinki, University of Turku, and VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland. Fulbright Distinguished Chairs Wasser, Frederick Fulbright Bicentennial Chair in American Studies CUNY Brooklyn College, Brooklyn, NY Communications Project: American Media Studies and Education University of Helsinki, Department of World Cultures 9 months, academic year Flikkema, Paul Fulbright-Aalto University Distinguished Chair Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ Communications Engineering Project: Pricing Electrons, Valuing People: Understanding and Designing the Socio-Technological Network of Tomorrow s Smart Grid Aalto University, Department of Automation and Systems Technology 9 months, academic year Brusilovsky, Peter Fulbright-Nokia Distinguished Chair in Information and Communications Technologies University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA Information Science Project: Research and Teaching in the Area of Learning Technologies and Adaptive Systems University of Helsinki and Institute for Information Technology HIIT, and Aalto University 5 months, beginning August Core Fulbright Scholars Goeres, Darla Montana State University, Bozeman, MT Center for Biofilm Engineering Project: Collaboration on the Development and Validation of Biofilm Standard Methods Åbo Akademi University 5 months, beginning January 2014 Helling, William Fulbright-HAAGA-HELIA Scholar Award Indiana University Bloomington, IN School of Library and Information Science Project: Improving Business Services through Information Technology HAAGA-HELIA University of Applied Sciences 5 months, beginning August 2013 Hermansson, Casie Fulbright-University of Turku Scholar Award Pittsburg State University, Pittsburg, KS Department of English Project: Children's Literature and American Literature from 1945 University of Turku 5 months, beginning January 2014 Hoddie, Matthew Mid-Career Professional Development Grant Towson University, Towson, MD Department of Political Science Project: Designed for Democracy: Power Sharing and Democracy in Post-Civil War States The Finnish Institute of International Affairs 4 months, beginning January 2014 Kalu, Kalu Auburn University Montgomery, AL Department of Political Science/Public Administration Project: The Interaction of Technology and Culture in Shaping Civic Attitudes Toward Political Institutions and Policy Outcomes: Lessons from the Finnish Experience University of Tampere 6 months, beginning August 2013 Lange, David Fulbright-VTT Grant in Science, Technology and Innovation University of Illinois Urbana- Champaign, Urbana, IL Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Project: Frost Resistance of Concrete: A Microstructural Approach VTT Espoo 6 months, beginning January 2014 Li, Yue Fulbright-VTT Grant in Science, Technology and Innovation Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Project: Advancing Probabilistic Risk Assessment and Design for Resilient Civil Infrastructure VTT Espoo 6 months, beginning August 2013 London, Justin Carleton College, Northfield, MN Department of Music Project: Dance With Me: The Effects of Self-Motion and Observed Motion on Perceived Musical Tempo University of Jyväskylä 5 months, beginning January 2014 Mikulec, Erin Mid-Career Professional Development Grant Illinois State University, Normal, IL College of Education Project: An Immersion Experience in Finnish Secondary Teacher Education University of Helsinki 5 months, beginning January 2014
7 Pandit, Ravindra Fulbright-HAAGA-HELIA Scholar Award Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, NH Department of Hospitality Business Project: Teaching and Research HAAGA-HELIA University of Applied Sciences 5 months, beginning August 2013 Schuckers, Michael Fulbright-VTT Grant in Science, Technology and Innovation St. Lawrence University, Canton, NY Department of Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics Project: A Posterior Predictive Approach to Scaling of Biometric False Match Rates VTT Espoo 5 months, beginning August 2013 Torcivia, Elizabeth Seton Hall University, South Orange, NJ Department of Occupational Therapy Project: Innovation and Clinical Reasoning in Health Care Delivery Systems Metropolia University of Applied Sciences 6 months, beginning January 2014 U.S. Graduate Students Albov, Sophia University of Montana Geography Project: Organic Agriculture in the Shadow of the Arctic Circle MTT Agrifood Research in Finland, University of Helsinki and University of Eastern Finland Boggs, Christin Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, NY Photography Project: Viljellä: A Photographic Record of Finnish Food Practices Aalto University Boor, Brandon Fulbright-CIMO grantee The University of Texas, Austin Engineering Project: A Breath of Fresh Air: What We Can Learn from Finland s Ventilation and Indoor Air Quality Practices University of Helsinki and Aalto University Davis, Robert Fulbright-CIMO grantee University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY Mathematics Project: On the h*-vector for Symmetric Magic Squares Aalto University Hayden, Alistair Fulbright-University of Turku Graduate Award Boston University, Boston, MA Education Project: Benchmarking Finnish Best Practices for Environmental Education University of Turku Jamandre, Olivia Fulbright-CIMO grantee University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS Piano Project: The Influence of Folk Music on Jean Sibelius' Piano Music Sibelius Academy Mundy, Marja Davidson College, Davidson, NC Chemistry Project: Synthesis and Characterization of Organic-Based Solar Fuel Cells Tampere University of Technology O Neill, Nancy Fulbright-University of Helsinki Graduate Award Illinois State University Education Project: Pedagogical Approaches to Music Education in Self- Contained Exceptional Needs Settings University of Helsinki Storm, Karli-Jo Fulbright-CIMO grantee Indiana University Area Studies Project: Azeris in Georgia: Understanding Their Roots, Rights, and the Potential for Instability University of Eastern Finland Vasques, Joseph Rhode Island School of Design Art and Architectural History Project: The Art of Living: The Consequence of Everyday Aesthetics in Contemporary Art Theory University of Helsinki and Aalto University The Lois Roth Endowment Award to Knowles and Whorton Sophie Knowles and Lindsay Whorton, Fulbright U.S. student grantees, received this year s Lois Roth Endowment Award. The Lois Roth Endowment Selection Committee concluded that the applicant pool was extremely strong this year, thus making the selection decision very difficult. Sophie Knowles is a middle school Mathematics teacher from Brooklyn, New York. As a Fulbright student, she is currently conducting a Master s degree program in Education and Globalization at the University of Oulu. In her degree related research, Sophie is exploring what Oulubased students perceive is expected of them by their academic and greater community in learning and outcomes and what students think they are expected to get out of their schooling in general. She will use her Lois Roth funding for the purpose of interviewing students, teachers and administrators in Oulu and Helsinki. Lindsay Whorton is a Ph.D. student in Education from Oxford University in the UK. She is visiting the University of Helsinki for her Fulbright year. Her research focuses on understanding how teachers unions participate in and impact the education policy-making process in Finland. In particular, Lindsay is exploring teachers unions involvement in reforming teachers compensation. The Lois Roth Award will allow her to translate crucial documents for her research from Finnish to English. The Roth Endowment, that supports exchanges across national and cultural boundaries to enhance international communication and understanding, was set up in memory of Lois Wersba Roth. The Endowment commemorates her life by supporting selected people who work in the places and fields of enquiry that she loved. The Fulbright Center has cooperated with the Lois Roth Endowment for years, and U.S. Fulbright students in Finland focusing in arts, humanities and social sciences have been annually granted the Roth Endowment Award. 7
8 Introducing Fulbright Center's Partners Fulbright Center has a formal cooperation agreement with selected higher education institutions, foundations and organizations. Get to know them by reading the earlier articles in the series online at. UTA international students taking a break. University of Tampere Top Player in Social Sciences in Finland 8 The University of Tampere has a strong reputation in social sciences and education, including political and administrative sciences. Health sciences are another focal point of the University and comprise medical training, education in health and nursing sciences, and the emerging field of biomedicine. We are strong in social and health sciences and leading research and education in these fields in Finland, says Harri Melin, Vice-Rector at the University of Tampere. Comparing Social Systems in North American and Nordic Countries Professor Katri Sieberg teaches students in the North American Studies Program at the University of Tampere. The program combines political science and economics, and investigates research on the United States, Canada and Mexico. At the core of the program is the comparison of welfare regimes in these countries with those of the Nordic countries. There are huge differences between social systems in the Nordic countries and the United States, Sieberg says. Sieberg came to Finland as a Fulbright scholar from the United States ten years ago. Her roots are in Finland, but her greatgreat-grandparents emigrated to the United States. Our third child was born here. She is really proud of it and says that she is the only true Tampere native in our family, Sieberg laughs. Sieberg says that Finns are intelligent and active students. You can go much deeper into things because they are such quick learners. I see a lot of joy in the students here they learn because they are enthusiastic. Generating Human Spare Parts from Stem Cells In the field of biomedicine, the University of Tampere joined forces with Tampere University of Technology and founded the Institute of Biomedical Technology, or BioMediTech. One of the key projects in BioMediTech is the Human Spare Parts research program which is aiming to build spare parts to replace damaged or degenerate body parts. Nearly a hundred researchers and experts are working on creating new cell and tissue technology. The Human Spare Parts program is researching and developing technologies that will enable us to generate bone and maybe even neural tissue grafts grown from the patient s own tissue, says Program Manager Juho Väisänen. The aim of the research is to be able to remedy, for example, the neural tissue in an injured spinal cord, or challenging damages to facial bones. Other outstanding medical research at the University includes research on vaccines, mitochondrial genetics, cancer and cardiovascular diseases.
9 Developing Research and Reforming Education In recent years, the University of Tampere has been strengthening its profile as a research university. At the same time, the University has undertaken a large-scale educational reform. We were the first university in Finland to adopt wide-ranging degree programs in our key fields. Many small degree programs were combined into comprehensive Bachelor s Programs, says Vice-Rector Harri Melin. We are pioneers in educational reform in Finland. Disciplinary boundaries have been coming down with this reform cooperation between different scientific fields is increasing, and there are growing numbers of multidisciplinary research projects. Internationalization is an aim in both education and research. Melin can think of several good reasons why it would be worthwhile for researchers to come to the University of Tampere: If you are into high-standard medical research, research on Nordic society or Russia, communication and information sciences or humantechnology interaction, Tampere is the right university for you. And if you like four distinct seasons annually, that is another reason to come to Tampere, Melin recommends. Text: Tiina Lankinen Photos: Jonne Renvall Facts about the University of Tampere A nearly 90-year old multidisciplinary Finnish university. Founded in Helsinki in The most popular university in Finland as evidenced by the most applicants per place. Former Rector Paavo Koli was the first ASLA scholar (Fulbright program is known as the ASLA-Fulbright program in Finland) to leave the University of Tampere for the United States in Has six FiDiPro Professors in 2013 (Finland Distinguished Professor Programme): Stephen J. Bailey, Roger W. Beuerman, George Steven Bova, Dan Hultmark, Laurie Kaguni and Hans Lilja. The UTA website is at uta.fi/english Figures from ,000 students 2,200 staff 1,200 Master s degrees 120 doctoral degrees 600 international degree students 14 English language Master s Programs Nine Schools: Institute of Biomedical Technology School of Communication, Media and Theatre School of Education School of Health Sciences School of Information Sciences School of Language, Translation and Literary Studies School of Management School of Medicine School of Social Sciences and Humanities Professor Terho Lehtimäki is the leader of a research group that specializes in cardiovascular diseases. The group is involved in an international research consortium that found a genetic link between fetal growth and adulthood illnesses. 9
10 10 Fulbrighters Visit EU and NATO: A New Kind of Understanding for Transatlantic Relations During their Fulbright grant period in Finland, Distinguished Fulbright Award in Teaching grantee Karen Lee (left) and Fulbright Graduate Student grantee Lindsay Whorton participated in a seminar on the EU and NATO organized annually for U.S. Fulbright grantees in Europe by the Commission for Educational Exchange between the United States, Belgium and Luxembourg. Here Lindsay and Karen share their experiences of the seminar. Since arriving in October, my time in Finland has been absorbed with the particular the nuances and intricacies of teachers union behavior, understood in the distinctive context of Finnish history and culture. My time in Finland has also pushed me to think about how we approach comparative learning and transfer what can we learn from other nations and what are the limits to what we can borrow and what is lost in translation? At the end of February, I had the opportunity to participate in the European Fulbright s EU Seminar. As a researcher in the field of Social Policy, I hoped that the seminar would provide me with the opportunity to zoom out, and spend the week thinking about more general topics of welfare state development, change, and responses to new challenges. However, I assumed that doing so would require an interruption of my focused attention on teachers unions an exciting opportunity to be sure, but an interruption nonetheless. As I reflect on my week in Brussels, Bruges, and Luxembourg, I certainly developed a better understanding of the European Union, NATO, and transatlantic relationships. But the most valuable thing that I gained was not a contribution to a particular set of knowledge (i.e. unions and negotiation or social policy), as I expected it was perspective. I spend a significant amount of my time thinking about negotiations and how actors power and interests interact to produce policies and agreements. Spending a week zooming out from a narrow focus on negotiation in public sector employment to learning about how international actors think about compromise, consensus and negotiation was certainly fruitful. But as I listened to several Though neither international learning nor building mutual understanding are easy tasks, their importance is inescapable. of our speakers talk about the difficult but important work of brokering international partnerships, it was impossible to miss the parallels and resonances with the core mission of the Fulbright Scholarships to increase mutual understanding. A judge of the European Court of Justice talked about interactions between European judges and their American counterparts on the Supreme Court. There are obvious obstacles to transferring legal reasoning across the Atlantic. However, the judge talked about the importance of permeability the ability to be inspired by others, but only to see if that inspiration can be coherently used within one s own system. This seems to speak to the first benefit of mutual understanding ; the opportunity to learn from one another, to collaborate, and to borrow successes. But in addition to transfer, learning, and borrowing, a second benefit of international comparison and exchange is its ability to produce empathy. A member of the European Commission explained that the key to brokering agreement between parties is not necessarily that the two-sides agree on everything. Instead, the foundation of an agreement is that both sides understand why the difference of opinion exists by understanding the background and rationale of the other side. She argued that empathy is the only path to finding solutions across differences. It was impossible to miss the foundational role that mutual understanding plays in successful partnerships between
11 Fulbrightereiden matkassa European nations as well as between Europe and the United States. Though neither international learning nor building mutual understanding are easy tasks, their importance is inescapable. Spending a week with a group of Fulbrighters in Europe, and the rich interactions and experiences we shared, solidified and affirmed the importance of Senator Fulbright s goals. Lindsay Whorton U.S. Graduate Student Grant , Education, University of Helsinki Learning to Teach Both Sides of the Story Many times we only have a chance to learn information from one perspective. Often it is one person relaying their interpretation of a situation and it becomes our responsibility to learn the alternative view. As a history teacher, I am always looking for new ways to learn and deliver that alternative view. My time studying the European Union and NATO from the European perspective has provided a different lens in which to teach these two important governing bodies to my government students in the U.S. It was also a week that challenged my political views and helped me come to a better understanding of how global decisions are made. We began the seminar by being whisked away to Luxembourg aboard a bus filled with U.S. Fulbrighters from all over Europe. We spent our first night at the Ambassador s house and then spent the next day listening to a case being heard at the European Union Court of Justice. It was interesting to learn not only about the justice system but to think about the influence that this system has on trans-atlantic decisions. For the rest of the trip, we spent our time in multiple meetings with decision makers and influencers in the EU and NATO arenas. What impacted me greatly was the time that we spent with Ambassador Ivo Daalder. He spoke very candidly about his job and his role in building consensus among the NATO decision makers. It was a unique chance to understand the reasoning and methodology behind the decisions being made in this collective defense organization. From the first night at the Ambassador s house to the many meetings that followed, my time in Belgium and Luxembourg offered insights from Ambassadors, scholars and other Fulbrighters that cannot be found in books or articles. The conversations and lectures pushed my understanding of the EU and NATO along with solidifying the role that these two important organizations play in the global community. In Finnish education, teachers often talk of students being held within their hands and nurturing them while they come to understand the lesson for the day. I felt this same spirit within during my time at the seminar. I hope to be able to deliver the lessons I learned with the same approach to my government students in Washington, D.C. so that they too can benefit from understanding both sides of the story. Karen Lee Distinguished Fulbright Award in Teaching , Education, University of Jyväskylä Fulbrightereiden matkassa on sarja, jossa seurataan kahden ASLA-Fulbright Graduate Grant -stipendiaatin, Linda Haapajärven (vas.) ja Silja Häkkisen, valmistautumista Fulbright-vuoteensa, stipendikautta Yhdysvalloissa sekä kokemuksia ja palautetta Fulbright-vaihdon jälkeen. Fulbright-ohjelmaan kuuluu varsinaisen stipendin lisäksi lukuisia etuisuuksia. Eri puolilla Yhdysvaltoja järjestettävät seminaarit, konferenssit ja työpajat ovat näistä yksi esimerkki. Silja Häkkinen ja Linda Haapajärvi osallistuivat talvella nk. enrichment-seminaareihin: Silja helmikuussa Arizonan Phoenixissa ja Linda maaliskuussa Missourin St. Louisissa. Seminaarit ovat erinomainen tilaisuus tavata eri tieteenaloja edustavia Fulbright-stipendiaatteja, jotka tulevat eri puolilta maailmaa, sillä kuhunkin seminaariin kokoontuu yleensä toista sataa Fulbrighteria lähes sadasta eri maasta. Tuttujakin kasvoja voi tulla vastaan: amerikkalaisten isäntien joukossa oli Paul Burgess, joka opiskeli viime vuonna Fulbright-stipendillä Suomessa. Mukana menossa oli myös stipendiaattikollegani Laura Berger New Yorkista. Meillä oli hauska jälleennäkeminen seminaarin ja blues-musiikin merkeissä, Linda muistelee kokemustaan. St. Louisissa järjestetyn seminaarin teema oli Western Expansion. Erinomaisesti järjestetyn seminaarin ohjelma oli tiivis. Oli hienoa tutustua kaupunkiin, joka ei ole matkailukohteiden listan kärjessä, Linda kertoo. Saksalaisten siirtolaisten perimä panimoineen ja kenkäteollisuuksineen, sittemmin Detroitin kaltainen teollisuuden vähenemisen myötä koettu kohtalo muuttotappiokuntana, tiukan rotuerottelun edelleen näkyvät jäljet ja yritykset kehittää kaupunki uuteen nousuun olivat varsin kiintoisia oppiaiheita sosiologille. Phoenixin seminaari puolestaan käsitteli ilmastonmuutosta (Global Challenges, Local Solutions Climate Change and Environmental Sustainability). Tarkemmin tutustuimme Arizonassa vallitseviin ympäristöoloihin ja pohdimme ilmaston muuttumisen vaikutusta ihmisten elämään kuivassa ja kuumassa Arizonassa, Silja kertoo. Osallistuimme luennoille ja teimme pienemmissä ryhmissä projektia, jossa valittiin jokin ympäristöongelma ja keksittiin tuote tai palvelu ongelman ratkaisemiseksi. Seminaarin lopussa ratkaisumme esiteltiin paikallisista yrittäjistä ja sijoittajista koostuvalle tuomaristolle, Silja kuvailee seminaarin sisältöä. Enrichment-seminaarien ohjelmaan kuuluu myös illallinen tai illanvietto amerikkalaisissa perheissä. Silja illallisti kahden muun Fulbrighterin kanssa entisen diplomaatin kotona: periamerikkalaisen illallisen aikana keskustelimme tähänastisista kokemuksistamme Yhdysvalloissa ja vaihdoimme ajatuksia oman kulttuurimme ja amerikkalaisen kulttuurin eroista ja yhtäläisyyksistä. Kaiken kaikkiaan seminaari oli mahtava kokemus ja antoi mahdollisuuden nähdä Yhdysvaltoja myös oman isäntäyliopiston ja -kaupungin ulkopuolelta, Silja tiivistää. Tietysti oli antoisaa tavata muita Fulbright-opiskelijoita ympäri maailmaa. Suosittelen lämpimästi seminaariin osallistumista, Linda lisää. 11
12 Elämää Atlantin toisella puolen ovi loputtomiin mahdollisuuksiin Olin pitkään haaveillut lähteväni ulkomaille vaihto-opiskelijaksi. Gallaudetin yliopisto on hyvin tunnettu kuurojen yhteisössä ympäri maailman. Monet ulkomaalaiset kuurot ovat tulleet Yhdysvaltojen pääkaupunkiin, Washington DC:aan, koska Gallaudetin yliopisto tarjoaa heille loputtomasti mahdollisuuksia. Käytän kuuro-termiä, vaikka joukkoon kuuluisivat huonokuuloiset, sisäkorvaistutetut ja kuurot: he kaikki ovat mielestäni omalla tavallaan kuuroja ja kuuro on kuulovammaista myönteisempi sana. Yliopistossa on myös kuulevia opiskelijoita, mutta heille edellytyksenä on se, että he osaavat viittomakieltä tai tulevat oppimaan sen. Valitsin Gallaudetin yliopiston, koska minua kiehtoi nähdä viittomakielinen yliopistomaailma. Gallaudet tarjoaa monia pääaineita kandidaatti-, maisteri- ja tohtoriohjelmissa ja kaikki opetus tapahtuu amerikkalaisella viittomakielellä eli American Sign Language:lla (ASL). Kaikissa maissa on oma viittomakielensä samoin kuten puhutut kieletkin. Ennen tuloani Yhdysvaltoihin en osannut ASL:ää vaan opin sen ollessani siellä. Opiskelu Gallaudetin yliopistossa oli minulle unelmien täyttymys, koska sain kerrankin kuulua enemmistöön. Suomessa olin aina se erityinen opiskelija lukioajasta lähtien, sillä käytin viittomakielen tulkkeja opinnoissani. Itse asiassa käytän edelleen, koska en ole vielä valmistunut ammattikorkeakoulusta. Aikomuksena on valmistua yhteisöpedagogiksi kansalaistoiminnan ja nuorisotyön koulutusohjelmasta kesäkuussa Vaihto-opiskeluvuosi Washington DC:ssa vahvisti ammatillista kasvuani, sillä opin tuntemaan oman identiteettini viittomakielisenä kuurona. Itseluottamukseni kasvoi paljon, koska pääsin tapaamaan monia professoreita ja muita opiskelijatovereita, jotka ovat omalla esimerkillään näyttäneet, että kuurot voivat tehdä mitä vain paitsi kuulla. Hakuprosessi ei ollut ruusuilla tanssimista. Onneksi varauduin byrokratiaan melko realistisesti. Minun täytyi pyytää mm. eri suosituskirjeitä ja hankkia uusin audiogrammi eli kuulokäyrä yliopistohakua varten. Koska halusin juuri Gallaudetin yliopistoon, joka ei kuulunut oman ammattikorkeakouluni yhteistyökumppaneihin, ammattikorkeakouluni ei voinut auttaa minua hakuprosessissa tai rahoituksessa. Se ei kuitenkaan estänyt unelmani toteuttamista, sillä uskoin unelmaan ja tein sen eteen töitä. Hain stipendejä useilta eri tahoilta, sillä lukuvuosi yliopistossa Opiskelu Gallaudetin yliopistossa oli minulle unelmien täyttymys, koska sain kerrankin kuulua enemmistöön. maksoi dollaria ilman majoitusta ja ruokaa. Sain selville eräältä kuurolta tutulta Fulbright Centerin stipendimahdollisuudesta. Hän oli itsekin Gallaudetin yliopistossa vaihto-opiskelijana yli kymmenen vuotta sitten. Päätin kokeilla onneani ja vein hakupaperini Fulbright Centerin toimistoon Hakaniemeen. Neuvon kaikkia Yhdysvaltoihin lähtijöitä aloittamaan hakuprosessin mahdollisimman hyvissä ajoin. Mitä aiemmin haku on tehty sitä helpompi on saada stipendejä. Valmistautuminen myös vähentää stressiä erilaisten viranomaisasioiden, kuten KELA:n ja vakuutuksen hoitamisessa. Olin iloisesti yllättynyt, kun sain Fulbright Centeriltä kirjeen, jossa ilmoitettiin, että minulle oli myönnetty stipendi. Fulbright Center suhtautui positiivisesti kuurouteeni ja he halusivat tukea harvinaista tilaisuuttani lähteä opiskelemaan Gallaudetin yliopistoon. Pääsin myös tapaamaan muita stipendiaatteja orientaatio- ja stipendienjakotilaisuudessa toukokuussa Stipendienjakoa edeltävänä yönä Suomi voitti maailmanmestaruuden jääkiekossa, joten muistan selvästi, milloin tapahtuma oli. Stipenditilaisuus oli hieno päivä: pääsin kuunte- 12
13 lemaan muiden kandidaatintutkinnon suorittaneiden stipendiaattien kokemuksia heidän jenkkivuosistaan. Sain myös käytännön vinkkejä lähtöön valmistautumista varten, kuten millaista viisumia minun tuli hakea. Tuolloin tajusin todella olleeni lähdössä valtameren toiselle puolen yhdeksi lukuvuodeksi. Olin special student Gallaudetin yliopistossa eli sain valita mitä kursseja halusin opiskella. Valitsin paljon Communication studies -kursseja, koska pystyin siirtämään joitakin opintopisteitä nykyiseen ammattikorkeakouluuni opiskelijavaihdon jälkeen. Valitsin myös joitakin Deaf Studies -kursseja. Deaf Studies tutkii viittomakieleen ja kuurouteen liittyviä ilmiöitä. Asuin kampuksella, joten pääsin tutustumaan moniin ihmisiin. Kansainvälisiä opiskelijoita oli mm. Etelä-Amerikasta, Euroopasta, Aasiasta, Afrikasta ja Lähi-idästä. Opintojen lisäksi olin mukana Green Gallaudet -järjestössä edistämässä ympäristöasioita. Gallaudetin yliopistolla on monenlaisia perinteitä. Jokainen vuosiluokka on esimerkiksi jättänyt jonkin salaisen yhteismerkkinsä jonnekin kampuksen alueelle, esim. puuhun ja penkkiin. Lisäksi yliopistolla on kaljuperinne. Ensimmäisen vuoden opiskelijat eli freshmanit värjäävät hiuksensa hullunkurisilla väreillä syyslukukaudella, ja tammikuussa heidän päänsä leikataan kaljuiksi. Washington D.C. on eurooppalaismainen kaupunki, sillä siellä ei ole pilvenpiirtäjiä. Itse rakastuin Georgetownin kaupunginosaan, jossa oli hienonvärisiä rakennuksia, söpöjä kuppiloita ja kiinnostavia kauppoja. Vuoden aikana olin ehtinyt käydä New Yorkissa, Bostonissa, Pittsburghissa ja Torontossa. Kevätlomalla telttailimme Floridassa. Lukuvuoden jälkeen suuntasin myös Texasiin ja Kaliforniaan. Kaliforniassa CSUN yliopistossa oli amerikkalaisen ystäväni valmistujaiset. Amerikkalaiset valmistujaiset olivat todella juhlallisia. Haluaisin lopuksi siteerata yhdysvaltaista ihmisoikeusaktivistia Martin Luther King Jr:ta. Tosin korvasin faith:n toisella sanalla. Take the first step in dream. You don t have to see the whole staircase, just take the first step. Kaarina Huovinen Fulbright Center Undergraduate Grantee
14 Alumni in Focus A Champion for Change Recently returned to Finland, Mina Mojtahedi reflects on Fulbright, life as a professional athlete, and her current focus on the rights of disabled people in developing countries. Mina Mojtahedi s enthusiasm and energy are inspiring. The former Fulbright grantee is a true renaissance woman, whose career to date has encompassed a bewildering array of roles: nutrition researcher, professional athlete, dietary therapist, wheelchair basketball coach and now coordinator of international development projects at a Finland-based NGO. Fascinated by both science and the arts, Mina studied two bachelor degrees at the same time, one in English philology and the other in nutrition, also taking a minor in international development. I always had a hard time choosing! she laughs. She relates this interest in different cultures and different fields of study to her own globetrotting family background. Her Finnish The university had everything I wanted: the top nutrition department in the U.S., a world-class wheelchair basketball team, and a campuswide emphasis on disability issues. mother and Iranian father met in the UK, and the family lived in Scotland while Mina s father completed his doctoral degree. By the time I was twelve, I d lived in three different countries. I ve always loved to travel, and I took advantage of as many opportunities as I could. That taste for adventure took her on a series of student exchanges to Holland, Sweden and finally the USA, as an ASLA- Fulbright Graduate Grantee at the University of Illinois during It was here she developed her twin passions for nutrition research and wheelchair basketball, performing at the top level in both fields collecting a PhD in nutritional science, a professional certificate in dietary therapy, and a stack of winning trophies as part of one of the top college wheelchair basketball teams in the U.S.. Mina knew she wanted to focus on nutrition research, and her personal experience as a wheelchair athlete had made her acutely aware of the need for greater knowledge about nutrition for sportspeople with physical disabilities. At the time, nutritional guidance was limited to weight management. I was amazed. The athletes really restricted how much they ate, even though an able bodied person doing the same amount of training would be advised to eat a lot. The problem was that there wasn t enough science to back up these recommendations for people with physical disabilities. In the Lab and on the Court Mina first encountered the University of Illinois during a wheelchair basketball tournament hosted by the university, but quickly realised this was the place she wanted to be. It had everything I wanted: the top nutrition department in the U.S., a world-class wheelchair basketball team, and a campus-wide emphasis on disability issues. The first year in the U.S. was quite an adjustment. I wasn t used to the culture at all even though everyone thinks they re familiar with it from TV and movies, it s different once you re there. However, Mina quickly settled in, making friends, and balancing her academic research with the rigours of full time collegiate 14
15 sports as a member of the university wheelchair basketball team. Very soon I felt I d built my life there I wasn t just an exchange student anymore. Mina describes her routine during those days. We would have practice at 6.30 every morning. I d train for three hours, then shower, go to the office or lab and do a full day s work there, then in the evening it would be time for weightlifting. Then I d often go back to the office to finish up. If I got home before 8pm, it was a good day, she recalls, smiling. When tournament time came round, every week we d pack up the bus on Thursday, and leave for Alabama, Texas, Pennsylvania or wherever. I loved every minute of it! Mina is in no doubt about the value of the Fulbright scholarship program and the opportunities it can give to grantees. It had a huge impact. It literally formed the rest of my life. It helps to have a purpose: why are you applying? What are you going on exchange for? What do you hope to use it for in the future? That s what made the Fulbright rewarding for me. Even though I didn t know exactly what I was getting myself into, I knew why I was going. It contributed to opportunities that opened up later. A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity On graduating from her doctoral degree, Mina had a difficult choice: to continue her investigations into nutrition and disability as a postdoctoral researcher in Illinois, or to pursue a full-time professional career as an athlete. Her success as part of the University of Illinois team the Fighting Illinis had drawn the attention of Germany s RSV Lahn-Dill team, and she was offered a professional contract a rare prize in the world of European wheelchair basketball. I didn t want to throw away seven years of hard work in my academic career, but there was no way I could turn this down it was my last opportunity to play with the best players. I wasn t sure what it meant for the future, but I have no regrets about the decision. And again, it s thanks to the Fulbright scholarship that I got that opportunity. During my seven years in the U.S., balancing training with work and studies meant that my schedule was tight, and there wasn t always enough time for My Fulbright scholarship had a huge impact. It literally formed the rest of my life. rest and recovery. Instead, as a professional player, she could train twice per day and still have time off. It also gave her the chance to focus on the sport and develop her game. I never thought I could still improve at my age, and play the best basketball I ve ever played. I was competing with some of the best players in the world, from the U.S., Canada and Germany. I had to work very hard to keep up. One of the highlights of her professional career, says Mina, was participating in the European club championships. In my first year on the team, we lost the final. I never got over it! I said we have to win it! True to her word, during her second season, the team won everything there was to win, including the Champion s Cup. Widening Participation in Sport The team she joined was actually a male team. In the U.S., there are women s divisions in wheelchair basketball, but in Europe, women play on men s teams. There is a lack of female players in Europe, Mina explains. As a starting point, there are fewer women with disabilities than men. And in general, fewer women are involved in sports. What I find, at least in disabled sports programs, is an assumption that women will come if they re interested, but it doesn t work that way, she says. Turn it the other way around imagine a female-dominated activity. Is a guy going to come just because he can? Or would he be a little intimidated? The fact of it is, that if you support men more, you re going to have fewer women. That s something she hopes to change. One of my dreams is to set up a women s team in Finland, Mina explains. Recently, she has taken the first steps towards that dream, working as a coach for wheelchair basketball players in Finland, and organising the first international wheelchair basketball camp in Europe. Taking place in Finland this summer, the camp is being set up in cooperation with the Finnish Basketball Association and the Sports Association for People with Disabilities. Mina s former coach at the University of Illinois, as well as her former teammates from Germany, will be among the coaches, working with participants from Finland, Germany, Sweden, Bulgaria, Nigeria, the UK and Denmark. It s an eye-opener being on the other side of coaching relationship, Mina says. It s rewarding working with the young players, envisioning where they can go. But it s also frustrating to coach! Nobody learns immediately. All you can do is teach and show how to do it, but then it s up to the athletes to actually do it. Making a Difference in Developing Countries Although Mina has moved back to Finland, her professional focus remains resolutely international. As international development coordinator for Kynnys, a Finnish NGO focusing on human rights and independent living for disabled people, her job has already taken her to Tajikistan and Ethiopia, with a visit to Kazakhstan up next. The prevalence of disability in some of these countries is very high, and it s closely related to poverty. Healthcare is inadequate, so injuries and illnesses go untreated. Diet is limited, and this leads to illness, disease and disability. People with disabilities in developing countries are the most vulnerable group. Discrimination is at a completely different level than it is in the developed world. And when you don t have basic healthcare or nutrition, you don t have the energy to get an education, to find a job, or to improve your life. Perhaps the most significant problem is the lack of accessibility in the built environment. Even though there is a lot of development aid going towards improving education and building schools, the needs or requirements of kids with disabilities are not taken into account. Many times the schools are not built to be accessible for people with disabilities. She is currently working to develop nutrition education programmes in developing countries, aiming to train people with disabilities to become nutrition educators within their communities, and growing a peer support system. For Mina, it s a question of balance, and of making a difference. I really love research. It sounds a bit dorky, but I love the concept of unanswered questions and finding the answers. But I also love to work with people. Research is useless unless we can translate it into a form where people can use it. Text: Louisa Gairn Photo: Fulbright Center Finland 15